주체 [chuche] (sino-korean)
대상 [taesang] (sino-korean)
Many levels of substances are in the universe, from elementary particles of the microcosm to celestial bodies of the macrocosm. They occupy the position of subject and object in their relations to each other.
For action to obey any system, there must be a relationship between subject and object. For action to continue uninterrupted, subject-partner and object-partner must strive toward the same goal, beneficial to both of them. If these conditions are not met, there will be no action.
Four fundamental types of subject-object relationships are identified: between Creator and man, between man and the natural world, between man and man, and between thing and thing.
All types of love, including love of children, love of siblings, love of spouses, and love of parents, arise from the unity of a subject-partner and an object-partner. Once they are united, nothing can separate them.
When a man is born, he is in the position of object relating to his parents. When he becomes a parent, he takes the position of a subject relating to his children. In social life, man also starts from a lower position and gradually ascends to a higher one. Thus, man is at first in the position of an object, and then gradually grows up to take the position of a subject.
The universal law says that the partner-subject lives for the partner-object. A man can be happy only when his partner is happy.
The Heavenly Parent created man and the universe to experience joy, and joy cannot be experienced alone. It requires an object partner. Only when the subject-partner and object-partner find a common basis for themselves and enter into a relationship of giving and receiving will they be able to experience joy.