(덕) [deok] (Sino-Korean)
Moral standards are universal virtues that are nurtured in the family. The Chinese character “virtue” (德) includes the character (十), that is, “ten,” which is shaped like a cross, where the vertical and horizontal lines symbolize heaven and earth, that is, the entire universe, as well as two beings, man and woman. It also includes the characters (四), which is “four,” symbolizing a four-position foundation, as well as the characters (一), which is “one,” and (心), which is “soul” or “heart.” This means that the virtues (德) are affirmed when the four (四) parts of the four-position foundation of heaven and earth (十) become one (一) in the heart (心). Since the character (十) means “ten” as well as “two,” it symbolizes the twelve beings: grandfather, grandmother, husband, wife, son, and daughter, that is, six persons, each with a soul and a body. When these twelve entities come together, thus virtue emerges.
Peace, equality, and any virtue does not appear by itself. Any ideal, joy, happiness, any virtue cannot be fully realized and felt without the object of communication and love. You are happy not because a person may just be near you, but because you can see him, touch him, talk to him. Finally, you can say that in a world where there is no object that can respond to you, there is no joy, no ideal, no happiness.
The fundamental virtues of human life are filial piety, chastity, loyalty, and devotion. Such human virtues find approval in people. Find a way to achieve them in practice.